Thursday, March 14, 2013

WRITING A PERSUASIVE/ANALYTICAL ESSAY


WRITING A PERSUASIVE OR ANALYTICAL ESSAY

ANALYTICAL ESSAY – (a) aims to describe an issue, object, event or process, (b) presents an argument,(c) states the solution to a problem, (d) or explains a situation.
PERSUASIVE ESSAY – aims to argue/persuade and is intended to convince readers to accept a particular perspective/point of view.
GENERIC FEATURES of both essays:
STRUCTURE AND ORGANISATION
(1)    INTRODUCTION – (1) provides the context for the topic, (2) states the thesis, (3) previews the main points/arguments to support the thesis.

C
CONTEXTUALISE
PROVIDE some relevant background or context to the question. It could be related material or information that places the question into historical or social context. IF IT IS A LITERARY ESSAY, THIS IS WHERE YOU STATE THE NAME OF THE NOVEL/PLAY/FILM, AUTHOR, CONTEXT OF TEXT…
A
ARGUMENTS
PREVIEW (don’t list) the separate arguments in a very brief manner. Try to connect similar arguments.
T
THESIS
STATE the thesis (1 - 2 sentences) in a manner that links to the arguments you previewed. It should have an analytical/evaluative tone and provide a decision/response to the question you have been asked.

(2) BODY – paragraph which provide the ideas, arguments and evidence to support your THESIS
EACH BODY PARAGRAPH WILL FOLLOW THE PEEL STRUCTURE

P
POINT
A TOPIC SENTENCE that introduces the POINT or CENTRAL IDEA/ARGUMENT to be made in the paragraph. It may connect with the LINKING SENTENCES of the previous paragraph.
E
EXPLANATION
In 1 – 2 sentences (Year 8/9) or 2 - 3 sentences (Year 10 – 12), EXPLAIN in more detail the statement made in the topic sentence. CLARIFY and EXPAND on all parts of the TOPIC SENTENCE.
E
EVIDENCE
Use EXAMPLES, STATISTICS, QUOTATIONS and REFERENCES to primary and/or secondary sources or other EVIDENCE to support and prove your POINT.
L
LINK
LINKING SENTENCES perform 2 roles: to link the material of this paragraph back to the POINT of your paragraph and, in the case of an extended piece of writing (ESSAY), to your THESIS/CENTRAL IDEA/ARGUMENT
(3) CONCLUSION
T
THESIS
RESTATE the THESIS in a slightly different form to that used in the INTRODUCTION.
A
ARGUMENTS
Make clear the separate arguments that were signposted in the essay INTRODUCTION, including the way each POINT is interrelated and/or linked
G
GENERAL STATEMENT
End your essay with a final, summarizing statement (try to avoid quotes).

WRITING YOUR ESSAY – REFER TO THE PREVIOUS PAGE FOR WHAT TO INCLUDE
INTRODUCTION
C
CONTEXTUALISE



A
ARGUMENTS





T
THESIS




(2) BODY
PARAGRAPH 1
P
POINT



E
EXPLANATION






E
EVIDENCE






L
LINK





PARAGRAPH 2
P
POINT



E
EXPLANATION





E
EVIDENCE




L
LINK




PARAGRAPH 3
P
POINT



E
EXPLANATION





E
EVIDENCE





L
LINK




CONCLUSION
T
THESIS



A
ARGUMENTS




G
GENERAL STATEMENT




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